Wisteria

Wisterias are hardy climbers with often woody twining vines. Most cultivars are large, fast growing and tolerate poor soils. Flowers grow in racemes up to 100 cm long and their pinnate leaves contain up to 19 leaflets. Wisterias are popular plants because of their exuberant pendulous racemes in spring and summer, the sometimes beautiful yellow discolouration of the leaves in autumn and up to 20 cm long velvety legumes that can last until winter.

We grow several different varieties divided into three main species; sinensis, brachybotrys and floribunda. There are plenty of differences between the varieties. Not only do the shape and colour of the flowers differ, but also the florescence, size and shape of the racemes, scent of the flowers, the legumes, the autumn colour, size and width of the plant itself and winter hardiness.

wisteria_bloem_breed


Wisteria sinensis

These Wisterias originate from China and are perhaps most popular. They are very strong climbers reaching heights up to 30 m in China. All vines of this species twine anticlockwise.

They usually bloom in April-May, before the leaves are formed. The flowers also bloom all at once. This gives a unique image of bare trunks in combination with a sea of flowers. The bloom in spring is often followed by a second bloom in late summer. 

Wisteria sinensis 

'Alba '

WisteriaSinensisAlba

One of the richest blooming cultivars. As the name suggests, the sinensis Alba has withe flowers. The standard has a small yellow-green blotch that extends to about one-third of its height. The flowers have a faint scent and bloom in racemes of 20-35 cm. The 11-13 relatively flat leaflets are initially bronze, later dark green.

Wisteria sinensis 

'Amethyst ' (Caroline)

WisteriaSinensisAmethyst

This cultivar has purple-violet flowers, one of the darkest of all Wisterias. They also have the strongest (sweet) scent among the sinensis cultivars. The flowers bloom in short, thick racemes of 12-18 cm. The 9-13 broad-elliptical pointed leaflets are initially deep bronze, later dark green.

Wisteria sinensis 

'Prolific '

WisteriaSinensisProlific

Sinensis Prolific is one of the most reliable cultivars. It has light violet-blue flowers in racemes of 25-30 cm. The thick racemes have a faint scent. They can grow quite high. The 9-13 flat leaflets are initially bronze, later dark green.

 

Wisteria brachybotrys

The species brachybotrys originates from Japan and like the sinensis they grow anticlockwise. The separate flowers are larger than those of sinensis and floribunda which probably explains their relatively short and thick racemes of 10-15 cm (brachybotrys means short racemes in Japanese).

In general these Wisterias bloom at an early age and also bloom relatively early in the season. The velvety legumes can become 20 cm long and remain until winter. 

Wisteria brachybotrys

'Shiro Kapitan '

WisteriaBrachybotrysShiroKapitan

This is probably the most grown cultivar among the brachybotrys. They have strongly scented white flowers with a yellow blotch in the middle of the standard. The 9-13 broad-elliptical leaflets are initially yellow-green to pale bronze, later green.

Wisteria brachybotrys 

'Okayama '

WisteriaBrachybotrysOkayama

Sweet scented purple-blue flowers with a white blotch in the middle of the standard which extends almost to the top. The keel and wings are darker. Usually 11 leaflets which are initially pale green. They are relatively narrow and slightly corrugated at the edges.

Wisteria brachybotrys 

'Showa Beni '

WisteriaBrachybotrysShowaBeni

This is the most pink of all Wisterias. The standard is pale pink with a yellow blotch in the middle. The keel and wings are darker pink. Flowers bloom more or less simultaneously. 9-13 broad-elliptical leaflets, initially yellow-green to pale bronze, later green. 

 

Wisteria floribunda

Like the brachybotrys, floribunda originates from Japan. In contrast to sinensis and brachybotrys they twine clockwise. Floribunda has by far the most cultivars. We grow more than a dozen different variants.

The flowers bloom consecutively, generally at the same time as the leaves appear. They therefore bloom longer than the sinensis, where the flowers appear simultaneously. They are known to be very hardy. The change in autumn is most pronounced in the cultivars of floribunda, where the leaves often turn a bright yellow before falling. They also have the most beautiful legumes. Leaves usually consist of 11-19 often oval leaflets.

Wisteria floribunda

'Burford '

WisteriaFloribundaBurford

A strong cultivar. The relatively large flowers bloom in exuberant racemes of 40-45 cm. The standard is pale violet with a yellow blotch in the middle. The keel and wings are dark purple. They have a sweet scent. Usually 13 pretty hefty leaflets, initially bronze, later dark green. A beautiful autumn colour. 

Wisteria floribunda 

'Domino ' (Issai)

WisteriaFloribundaDomino

A reliable bloomer and strong grower. The standard of the sweet scented pea-like flowers is pale lilac and has a yellow blotch in the middle. The keel and wings are darker purple. Flowers bloom in bundles of racemes of 18-25 cm. The 11-15 pointy leaflets are initially pale green to bronze, later dark green.

Wisteria floribunda 

'Eranthema '

WisteriaFloribundaEranthema

The relatively large flowers are soft lilac-blue and bloom in racemes of 40-50 cm. The standard is lighter than the keel and wings and has a yellow blotch in the middle. Leaves contain 13-15 flat, hefty leaflets with silver downy hairs. Initially bronze, later shiny dark green.

 

Wisteria floribunda 

'Honbeni ' (Rosea)

WisteriaFloribundaHonbeni

A beautiful pink cultivar. The standard is pale pink, has a yellow blotch in the middle and becomes darker towards the edges. The keel and wings are darker pink, sometimes lavender-pink. Racemes come in bundles and grow up to 45 cm long. The 11-15 leaflets are folded, wrinkly and corrugated at the edges. Initially bronze-green, later green.

Wisteria floribunda 

'Issai-Naga ' (Issai-perfect) 

WisteriaFloribundaIssaiNaga

A well blooming reliable cultivar. Issai means one year old in Japanese. It implies that it blooms at an early age, which is often confused with early in the season. The flowers have a faint scent. The standard is pale violet/light lilac-blue. Keel and wings are darker. They bloom in pointy slender racemes of 25-35 cm. 13-17 relatively flat and broad leaflets. They are initially bronze-green, later dark green.

Wisteria floribunda 

'Multijuga ' (Macrobotrys) 

WisteriaFloribundaMultijuga

This cultivar is known for its large racemes which can grow up to 100 cm long. The standard is pale violet with a yellow blotch at the inside. The wings and keel are darker lilac-blue. Faintly scented flowers. The 15-17 leaflets are narrow and slightly corrugated. They are initially slightly bronze to green, later dark green. Autumn colour is beautiful.  

 

Wisteria floribunda 

'Royal purple '

WisteriaFloribundaRoyalPurple

One of the darkest purple cultivars. The standard is violet with a yellow blotch in the middle. Wings and keel are darker purple. The yellow blotch stands out due to the depth of the surrounding colours. Racemes can grow up to 50 cm. 11-15 narrow leaflets that are initially pale bronze-green.

Wisteria floribunda 

'Shiro-noda ' (Long. Alba)

WisteriaFloribundaShiroNoda

A beautiful cultivar with long white racemes. The flowers of this cultivar are pure white with the exception of a small yellow blotch on the inside of the standard. The slender racemes can become 40-60 cm long. The scent is faint. 11-15 relatively flat and narrow leaflets which are initially light green.

Wisteria floribunda 

'Violacea Plena ' (Black Dragon)

WisteriaFloribundaViolaceaPlena

The only cultivar with double flowers. They consist of about 20 petal-like elements of which the inner 15 are dark violet at the tip. the flowers have a faint scent and bloom in racemes of 25-35 cm. 13-17 relatively narrow leaflets which are initially slightly bronze to green, later dark green.

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